IAS / Civil Service Exam

IAS /Civil Service Exam General Study classroom guidance


Samveg IAS  provide following modules for UPSC IAS EXAM..

  • IAS PRELIMS COURSE : 6-7 Month Duration  : GS & CSAT.


  • IAS -2016 PRELIMS TEST SERIES: 10 Sectional Test + 5 Complete Test


The first step to qualify civil services exam is to appear in Prelims exam.Although it doesnot contribute in final merit but without passing it you can not appear in next stage.It is like start of journey.It seems very easy to those who clear this stage but appear like climbing himalayas who can not make through.Your one year became waste,till new forms came.many unfortunate student waste their 2/3 attempts in clearing prelims exam.The main reason for their failures are…

Lack of self confidence, Casual approach toward prelims,

Unawareness about exam demands and study material,

Faulty suggestions of seniors or coaching and

Finally misguidance(sometimes) by coaching institute.

The competition is getting tough. To be ahead you must prepare carefully and consistently. Carefully because the market is flooded with irrelevant books and coaching materials. Add to this wrong guidance.

Consistency is very important if you want to clear this exam. Without it, you will be wasting a lot of time now and then. When you waste lots of time now, this mistake takes a toll on your preparation when exam is very near. The pressure builds and performance suffers.

Preliminary exam paper-I is crucial in two aspects: first, if you prepare thoroughly the syllabus given for this paper, it build a strong foundation to all the Four General Studies papers of Mains exam. Secondly, it is important to get at least 50-60 questions correct in it as you never know what UPSC has in store for you in future: it might make Paper-2 just qualifying in nature; or it might make it tough by including more aptitude questions; or it can even make paper-1 very tough and fix minimum cut-off.

So the first step to be successful in prelims is to choose correct study material and guidance. Second step is lot of practice of old question papers.Third step is determination and self belief that you can do it.A good coaching institute can make big difference in your success provided you utilise it maximum and by tracking that it doesnot deviate from the standard and needs of upsc exam.


General Studies (PRELIMS) Syllabus for IAS Exam
200 marks – Duration : Two hrs

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian national movement
  • Indian and World Geography- physical, social, economic geography of India and the world
  • Indian Polity and governance – constitution, political system, panchayat raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc.
  • Economic and social development – sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.
  • General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change-that do not require subject specialization
  • General science


CIVIL SERVICES APTITUDE TEST (CSAT) was introduced in 2011 in place of Subject in Prelims exam. Aim was to test the comprehensive ability,reasoning ability,mental ability and decision making ability of civil service aspirants.It introduced more objectivity and transparency in selection process.

The trend visible in CSAT paper suggest that candidate should have conceptual clarity regarding the topic.The well preparation of GS will help in solving comprehension and decision making question.The best strategy for this is PRACTICE, PRACTICE AND PRACTICE ONLY to increase the speed and understanding capability. SAMVEG IAS coaching institute provide best classroom program to master all section of syllabus.Test series is also conducted to increase your speed and accuracy to solve the question. Weekend batch is also available to working candidates

200 marks – Duration : Two hrs


  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc. (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level).
  • English language comprehension skills (Class X level).
  • Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.
  • The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.


There is two category of student ,one who are very confident and have conceptual clarity in basic numeracy and analytical reasoning ( Really donot require any practice ,score in range of 160-190 in CSAT Paper),second those who even after lot of practice are not able to solve the questions related with math and reasoning.they know the formula but still doubt whether it is correct or not that shows their lack of practice and conceptual clarity. For second category candidate,CSAT IS BIG CHALLENGE,in the sense, failure to solve simple question has cumulative effect on reading comprehension and decision making.They feel devastated because of math and reasoning..

What is way out to over come this common problem? it can be managed by some planning and practice.
such candidate should attempt CSAT paper in following order.

1) Decision Making Question (simplest,no nagative marking,requires basic approach to life,integrity,initiatives,etc. )
2) English comprehension (not for hindi medium ,they should attempt it in last)
3) Reading Comprehension (only small para(200-300),with high accuracy,donot try to solve big para at this moment)
4) Simple Reasoning question based on syllogism,satatement and conclusion/assumption,direction test,blood relation etc)
5) Simple basic numeracy question ( try to identify simple question)
6) Reading Comprehension (big para,with confidence that you have attempted sufficient question.it is not necessary that you have to answer all question.even if you do not understand one out of three question,do not bother,solve two question first)
7) Try to solve all real tough question of reasoning,math ..

Note: No strategy is required for those who are strong enough in csat but strategy is all important to those you are struggling to come over phobia of csat and to appear in mains exam.Order can be changed as per your expertise.they is no watertight division.




GENERAL STUDIES is most crucial part of whole IAS exam.It constitute nearly 57%(1000/1750) of IAS Mains exam.There are four papers, each of 250 marks.The syllabus prescribed by UPSC for General studies is vast and diverse.It requires in depth knowledge of topic apart your analyzing & understanding capability.UPSCis very unpredictable in mains exam in term of number of question and format of question Any thing can be asked related to the topic mentioned in syllabus.But how to answer these questions is not easy task.covering whole syllabus and discovering which part is most important along with current affairs is not a cakewalk.

The four papers of GENERAL STUDIES ARE –


  • General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  • General Studies -II: 250 Marks(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude).

understanding various term in question paper

Break an issue into its constituent parts. Look in depth at each part using supporting arguments
and evidence for and against as well as how these interrelate to one another.
Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing
relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter-arguments as well.
Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Literally make something clearer and, where appropriate, simplify it. This could involve, for
example, explaining in simpler terms a complex process or theory, or the relationship between
two variables.
Comment upon
Pick out the main points on a subject and give your opinion, reinforcing your point of view using
logic and reference to relevant evidence, including any wider reading you have done.
Identify the similarities and differences between two or more phenomena. Say if any of the
shared similarities or differences are more important than others. ‘Compare’ and ‘contrast’ will
often feature together in an essay question.
Say what you think and have observed about something. Back up your comments using
appropriate evidence from external sources, or your own experience. Include any views which
are contrary to your own and how they relate to what you originally thought.
Similar to compare but concentrate on the dissimilarities between two or more phenomena, or
what sets them apart. Point out any differences which are particularly significant.Critically evaluate
Give your verdict as to what extent a statement or findings within a piece of research are true,
or to what extent you agree with them. Provide evidence taken from a wide range of sources
which both agree with and contradict an argument. Come to a final conclusion, basing your
decision on what you judge to be the most important factors and justify how you have made
your choice.
To give in precise terms the meaning of something. Bring to attention any problems posed with
the definition and different interpretations that may exist.
Show how, with examples to illustrate.
Provide a detailed explanation as to how and why something happens.
Essentially this is a written debate where you are using your skill at reasoning, backed up by
carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the
advantages and disadvantages of a given context. Remember to arrive at a conclusion.
To give in more detail, provide more information on.Evaluate See the explanation for ‘critically evaluate’.
Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding a topic. This
should be a critical evaluation and you should try and offer reasons as to why the facts and
issues you have identified are the most important, as well as explain the different ways they
could be construed.
Clarify a topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurs, or what is meant by the
use of this term in a particular context. Your writing should have clarity so that complex
procedures or sequences of events can be understood, defining key terms where appropriate,
and be substantiated with relevant research.
Adopt a questioning approach and consider a variety of different viewpoints. Where possible
reconcile opposing views by presenting a final line of argument.
Give anaccount of
Means give a detailed description of something. Not to be confused with ‘account for’ which
asks you not only what, but why something happened.
Determine what are the key points to be addressed and implications thereof.
A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something,
making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.
Demonstrate your understanding of an issue or topic. This can be the use of particular
terminology by an author, or what the findings from a piece of research suggest to you. In the
latter instance, comment on any significant patterns and causal relationships.
Make a case by providing a body of evidence to support your ideas and points of view. In order
to present a balanced argument, consider opinions which may run contrary to your own before
stating your conclusion.
Convey the main points placing emphasis on global structures and interrelationships rather
than minute detail.
Look thoroughly into a subject. This should be a critical assessment and not merely descriptive.
Show how Present, in a logical order, and with reference to relevant evidence the stages and combinationof factors that give rise to something.
State To specify in clear terms the key aspects pertaining to a topic without being overly descriptive.
Refer to evidence and examples where appropriate.
Give a condensed version drawing out the main facts and omit superfluous information. Brief orgeneral examples will normally suffice for this kind of answer
To whatextent
Evokes a similar response to questions containing ‘How far…’. This type of question calls for a
thorough assessment of the evidence in presenting your argument. Explore alternative
explanations where they exist


UPSC has released the Annual Calender for the year 2017. Important changes has been made in the dates of Prelims and Main Examination for 2017.
Prelims Examination to be conducted on- –18th June 2017
Main Examination to be conducted from- –28th October 2017
Notification to be released- –22nd February 2017



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