General Studies (PRELIMS) Syllabus for IAS Exam
200 marks – Duration : Two hrs

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian national movement
  • Indian and World Geography- physical, social, economic geography of India and the world
  • Indian Polity and governance – constitution, political system, panchayat raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc.
  • Economic and social development – sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.
  • General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change-that do not require subject specialization
  • General science


CIVIL SERVICES APTITUDE TEST (CSAT) was introduced in 2011 in place of Subject in Prelims exam. Aim was to test the comprehensive ability,reasoning ability,mental ability and decision making ability of civil service aspirants.It introduced more objectivity and transparency in selection process.

The trend visible in CSAT paper suggest that candidate should have conceptual clarity regarding the topic.The well preparation of GS will help in solving comprehension and decision making question.The best strategy for this is PRACTICE, PRACTICE AND PRACTICE ONLY to increase the speed and understanding capability. SAMVEG IAS coaching institute provide best classroom program to master all section of syllabus.Test series is also conducted to increase your speed and accuracy to solve the question. Weekend batch is also available to working candidates

200 marks – Duration : Two hrs


  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc. (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level).
  • English language comprehension skills (Class X level).
  • Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.
  • The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.


There is two category of student ,one who are very confident and have conceptual clarity in basic numeracy and analytical reasoning ( Really donot require any practice ,score in range of 160-190 in CSAT Paper),second those who even after lot of practice are not able to solve the questions related with math and reasoning.they know the formula but still doubt whether it is correct or not that shows their lack of practice and conceptual clarity. For second category candidate,CSAT IS BIG CHALLENGE,in the sense, failure to solve simple question has cumulative effect on reading comprehension and decision making.They feel devastated because of math and reasoning..

What is way out to over come this common problem? it can be managed by some planning and practice.
such candidate should attempt CSAT paper in following order.

1) Decision Making Question (simplest,no nagative marking,requires basic approach to life,integrity,initiatives,etc. )
2) English comprehension (not for hindi medium ,they should attempt it in last)
3) Reading Comprehension (only small para(200-300),with high accuracy,donot try to solve big para at this moment)
4) Simple Reasoning question based on syllogism,satatement and conclusion/assumption,direction test,blood relation etc)
5) Simple basic numeracy question ( try to identify simple question)
6) Reading Comprehension (big para,with confidence that you have attempted sufficient is not necessary that you have to answer all question.even if you do not understand one out of three question,do not bother,solve two question first)
7) Try to solve all real tough question of reasoning,math ..

Note: No strategy is required for those who are strong enough in csat but strategy is all important to those you are struggling to come over phobia of csat and to appear in mains exam.Order can be changed as per your expertise.they is no watertight division.




IAS  (Mains) exam Pattern

GENERAL STUDIES is most crucial part of whole IAS exam.It constitute nearly 57%(1000/1750) of IAS Mains exam.There are four papers, each of 250 marks.The syllabus prescribed by UPSC for General studies is vast and diverse.It requires in depth knowledge of topic apart your analyzing & understanding capability.UPSCis very unpredictable in mains exam in term of number of question and format of question Any thing can be asked related to the topic mentioned in syllabus.But how to answer these questions is not easy task.covering whole syllabus and discovering which part is most important along with current affairs is not a cakewalk.

The four papers of GENERAL STUDIES ARE –


  • General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  • General Studies -II: 250 Marks(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude).




PAPER-I Essay:
Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of th e essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression. English Comprehension & English Precis will be to te st the English language Comprehension and English précis writing skills (at 10th standard level).

PAPER-II General Studies- I : Indian Heritage and Culture, History a nd Geography of the World and Society.

 Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

 The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

 Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

 History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

 Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 Effects of globalization on Indian society.Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

 Salient features of world’s physical geography.Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub- continent); factors responsible for the location of prim ary, secondary, and tertia ry sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

 Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their lo cation- changes in critical geographical features (including water- bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies- II : Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

 Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evol ution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

 Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.  Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

 Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

 Salient features of the Repr esentation of People’s Act.

 Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, ins titutional and other stakeholders

 Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of th e population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizen s charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.  Role of civil services in a democracy.

 India and its neighborhood- relations.

 Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV General Studies-III : Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

 Government Budgeting.  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.  Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

 Land reforms in India.

 Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Ro ads, Airports, Railways etc.

 Investment models.

 Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

 Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technol ogy, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment  Disaster and disaster management.

 Linkages between development and spread of extremism.  Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

 Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism  Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

PAPER-V General Studies- IV : Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects.

The following broad areas will be covered.

 Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determ inants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great lead ers, reformers and ad ministrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

 Attitude: content, structure, function; its influen ce and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

 Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker- sections.  Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

 Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

 Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethi cal governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in internati onal relations and funding; corporate governance.

 Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

 Case Studies on above issues.

PAPER-VI & PAPER VII Optional Subject Papers I & II

Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given in para 2 (Group 1 ). However, if a candidate has graduated in any of th e literatures of languages indicated in Group-2 , with the literature as the main subject, then the candidate can also opt for that particular literature subject as an optional subject


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